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  HomeContents of Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering,2012 No.3 Antiskid Control of Railway Train Braking Based on Adhesion Creep Behavior

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Antiskid Control of Railway Train Braking Based on Adhesion Creep Behavior

ZUO Jianyong* and CHEN Zhongkai
Railway and Urban Rail Traffic Academy, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China

Received March 3, 2011; revised November 29, 2011; accepted December 12, 2011

Abstract: In modern trains wheelset skidding leads to the deterioration of braking behavior, the degradation of comfort, as well as a boost in system hazards. Because of the nonlinearity and unknown characteristics of wheelset adhesion, simplifications are widely adopted in the modeling process of conventional antiskid controllers. Therefore, conventional antiskid controllers usually cannot perform satisfactorily. In this paper, systematic computer simulation and field tests for railway antiskid control system are introduced. The operating principal of antiskid control system is explained, which is fundamental to the simulation of antiskid brakes, and the simulation model is introduced, which incorporates both the adhesion creep curve and a pneumatic submodel of antiskid control system. In addition, the characteristics of adhesion curves and the simulation target are also provided. Using DHSplus, the pneumatic submodel is created to analyze the performance of the different control strategies of antiskid valves. Then the system simulation is realized by combining the kinematical characteristics of railway trains and the pneumatic submodel. The simulation is performed iteratively to obtain the optimized design of the antiskid control system. The design result is incorporated in the hardware design of the antiskid control system and is evaluated in the field tests in Shanghai Subway Line 1. Judging by the antiskid efficiency, the antiskid braking performance observed in the field tests shows the superiority of the optimized design. Therefore, the proposed simulation method, especially in view of its ease of application, appears to be a useful one for designing railway antiskid control systems.

Key words: antiskid control, adhesion creep, railway train braking, system simulation.


* Corresponding author. E-mail: zuojy@tongji.edu.cn
This project is supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61004077), National Key Technology R&D Program of the 11th Five Year Plan of China (Grant No. 2009BAG11B02), and Foundation of Traction Power State Key Laboratory of Southwest Jiaotong University, China (Grant No. TPL1107)
© Chinese Mechanical Engineering Society and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

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Biographical notes
ZUO Jianyong, born in 1976, is currently a lecturer at Railway and Urban Rail Traffic Academy, Tongii University, China. He received his PhD degree from Shanghai Jiaotong University, China, in 2005. His research interests include simulation and control of trains’ brake system.
Tel: +86-21-69584712; E-mail: zuojy@tongji.edu.cn

CHEN Zhongkai, born in 1987, is currently a MS candidate at Railway and Urban Rail Traffic Academy, Tongji University, China. He received his bachelor degree from Tongji University, China, in 2009. His research interests cover artificial intelligence and control theory.
Tel: +86-21-69584712; E-mail: craigknox@126.com


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